Just some mental notes on the book of Hebrews.
The writer of the book of Hebrews takes 4 passages from the Old Testament to prove the below points. The passages are from Psalm 110:4 (to set up the argument for a new priesthood), Exodus 25:40 (to show that the earthly tabernacle served as a copy of the heavenly), Jeremiah 31:31-34 (to show that God did prophesy of a New Covenant), Exodus 24:8 (to show that the shedding of blood was necessary even under the first covenant) and Psalm 40:6-8 (to show that the first covenant is taken away by the offering of Jesus' body that is the establishment of the new covenenant).
Now the writer of the book of Hebrews prefaces this section of Hebrews from chapter 7-10 with Hebrews 6:1: "Therefore, leaving the discussion of the elementary principles of Christ, let us go on to perfection...".
I would encourage a full read of Hebrews for more in detail of what that means as I myself am trying to understand but below are clearly part of that going on to perfection.
The First Covenant under the Levitical Priesthood, the Law and the Earthly Temple
"the first covenant had ordinances of divine service and the earthly sanctuary"-9:1
"fleshly ordinances imposed until the time of reformation"-9:10
"there are priests who offer the gifts according to the law; who serve the copy and shadow of the heavenly things"-8:4,5
"the holy places made with hands, which are copies of the true"-9:24
"the law, having a shadow of the good things to come"-10:1
The New Covenant under the Melchizedek Priesthood, the Changed Law and the Heavenly Temple
"In that He says, “A new covenant,” He has made the first obsolete. Now what is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to vanish away"-8:13
"if that first covenant had been faultless, then no place would have been sought for a second"-8:7
"if perfection were through the Levitical priesthood (for under it the people received the law), what further need was there that another priest should rise according to the order of Melchizedek, and not be called according to the order of Aaron?"-7:11
"For the priesthood being changed, of necessity there is also a change of the law."-7:12
"For on the one hand there is an annulling of the former commandment because of its weakness and unprofitableness, for the law made nothing perfect; on the other hand, there is the bringing in of a better hope, through which we draw near to God."-7:18,19
"Jesus has become a surety of a better covenant....because He continues forever, has an unchangeable priesthood."-7:22,24
"Christ came as High Priest of the good things to come, with the greater and more perfect tabernacle not made with hands, that is, not of this creation."-9:11
"He is the Mediator of the new covenant, by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions under the first covenant, that those who are called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance."-9:15
"For Christ has not entered the holy places made with hands, which are copies of the true, but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us.."-9:24
"a new and living way which He consecrated for us, through the veil, that is, His flesh"-Hebrews 10:20
So clearly the earthly temple is no longer necessary and actually in God's economy has been done away with. We as Jews or Christians should be looking to Christ as our high priest and not any Levites or earthly temple. It is interesting that this book is called Hebrews for this is an excellent argument especially in context of the days in which it was written when this new covenant was being laid out and explained that was promised in the prophets and elsewhere.
Now if we head further down the road in Hebrews in Chapter 11 we read of a Heavenly City in the list of the faithful.
"he waited for the city which has foundations, whose builder and maker is God"-11:10
"they desire a better, that is, a heavenly country. Therefore God is not ashamed to be called their God, for He has prepared a city for them."-11:16
"all these, having obtained a good testimony through faith, did not receive the promise, God having provided something better for us, that they should not be made perfect apart from us."-11:39,40
"we are surrounded by so great a cloud of witnesses"-12:1
"you have not come to the mountain that may be touched"-12:18 (Speaking of Mount Sinai where the law and the levitical priesthood and all that pertains to the first covenant came from)
"But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, to an innumerable company of angels, to the general assembly and church of the firstborn who are registered in heaven, to God the Judge of all, to the spirits of just men made perfect, to Jesus the Mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling that speaks better things than that of Abel."-12:22-24
Will add more later like Galatians and the contrast between the heavenly Jerusalem and earthly Jerusalem.
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