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Hebrews 8:7-13

"For if that first covenant had been faultless, then should no place have been sought for the second. For finding fault with them, he saith, Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah: Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they continued not in my covenant, and I regarded them not, saith the Lord. For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people: And they shall not teach every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for all shall know me, from the least to the greatest. For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more. In that he saith, A new covenant, he hath made the first old. Now that which decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away."

Now bear in mind that the first/old covenant which waxeth old and decayeth had an earthly/worldly sanctuary and ordinances of divine service as evidenced by the very next verse in Hebrews 9:1. So this first covenant is connected with the worldly/earthly sanctuary depending on which translation you read. By contrast the new/second covenant had what Hebrews calls "a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands" in Hebrews 9:11.

So bear this in mind as we continue to read further about this first/old decaying covenant.

Now in 2 Corinthians 3 Paul compares the "new testament" with the "old testament" as a contrast between life and death. The old testament is called "the ministration of death" in vs 7 and "the ministration of condemnation" by contrast the "new testament" is called "the ministration of the spirit" which "giveth life" and "the ministration of righteousness". The "old testament" is "done away" whereas the "new testament" "remaineth". Apparently, in vs 13 Israel was blinded to see "the end of that which is abolished" of course that being the "old testament". Now when Israel turns to the Lord they will then see the "end of that which is abolished". The end of the "ministration of death" and "condemnation". Hallelujah.

Now Jesus predicted the end of the earthly/worldy sanctuary in Matthew 24 and Luke 21 and other places which is connected to the old covenatn/testament. Hebrews 9:8 reads "The Holy Ghost this signifying, that the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest, while as the first tabernacle was yet standing...". Christ is declared a Priest after the order of Melchizedek and not after Aaron/Levi via Hebrews 7:15-17 "And it is yet far more evident: for that after the similitude of Melchisedec there ariseth another priest, Who is made, not after the law of a carnal commandment, but after the power of an endless life. For he testifieth, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec." Notice the contrast of life and death in Christ's preisthood in comparison to the Aaronic/Levitical priesthood. Backing up 4 verses Hebrews 7:11-12 reads "If therefore perfection were by the Levitical priesthood, (for under it the people received the law,) what further need was there that another priest should rise after the order of Melchisedec, and not be called after the order of Aaron? For the priesthood being changed, there is made of necessity a change also of the law."

So the writer of Hebrews argues that in the reading of the Old Testament he has found evidence of a new priesthood which then would naturally lead to a change in the law. Remember earlier we read that God would make a new covenant not like the old one and here we read of a change in the law under that new covenant. Now this was probably difficult to swallow for many non-believing Israelite and Jews and Hebrews but none the less the argument is argued from the old covenant/testament which 2 Corinthians 3 says Israel was blinded to. Now that blindness was probably somewhat done away with if not completely for many of Israel when the temple was destroyed and all that happened in Luke 21 concerning the destruction of the temple, Jerusalem, Judah and the people of Israel. In Isaiah 6:11,12 Isaiah asks God in a vision how long that this blindness would continue to which the Lord responds: "Then said I, Lord, how long? And he answered, Until the cities be wasted without inhabitant, and the houses without man, and the land be utterly desolate, And the LORD have removed men far away, and there be a great forsaking in the midst of the land."

So in one since it was a sad day of judgment on Judah in 70 AD but in another sense it was a day of rejoicing for the "ministration of death" and "condemnation" was evidentally abolished in the desolation of that old covenant temple/city and land of the ministration of death before all as the hope of those of the old covenant of death had been utterly done away with thus proving themselves to be of the false prophets of old who similarily predicted Jerusalem would not be destroyed against the king of Babylon. And the true prophets were those ministers of the new covenant of life and the spirit having Christ as their High Priest predicting the end of the old covenant temple, city, land and people. Thus establishing his heavenly eternal priesthood above the earthly priesthood of the old covenant. Establishing the more perfect and greater tabernacle and covenant above the earthly tabernacle and covenant. Establishing the "heavenly Jerusalem" above the earthly as we read in Hebrews 12:22 "But ye are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem..." which Jerusalem is connected with the "new covenant" of life and the spirit as we read further in Hebrews 12:24 "And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than that of Abel."

In fact compare Hebrews 12:18 depiction of Mount Sinai which is clearly a picture of the giving of the old covenant of death and condemnation a mountain that believers in the High Priest of the new covenant had not come to at all rather they have come to mount Zion the heavenly Jerusalem as noted above but compare Hebrews 12:18 with Galations 4:24-26. We have a similar contrast with a similar context of two covenants. We read "Which things are an allegory: for these are the two covenants; the one from the mount Sinai, which gendereth to bondage, which is Agar. For this Agar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and answereth to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children. But Jerusalem which is above is free, which is the mother of us all."

Here you have two Jerusalems. The earthly and the heavenly. You have two people those of "mount Sinai" which "answereth to Jerusalem which now is" who are in "bondage" of course to the old covenant and those of the Jerusalem which is above. And what saith the scripture in Galatians 4:30 concerning the future of these two people of two different covenants the old verses the new: "Nevertheless what saith the scripture? Cast out the bondwoman and her son: for the son of the bondwoman shall not be heir with the son of the freewoman.".

Now clearly Galatians and other places speak of the law bringing a knowledge of sin via the 10 commandments and what not. But there is also discussion about who are the people of God and a discussion about the two covenants which goes beyond a mere discussion of works vs grace. We have talk about circumcision and Jews and Gentiles and who are the children of promise even as Isaac was and what not. This is going beyond a mere teaching of works vs faith and grace. I used to see the passages a merely a discussion about works vs faith which it is but it is more than that as is clear by a full reading of the text and we see it is also a discussion about who are the real children of God and how circumcision and the two covenants relate to that. Hebrews goes into further detail than just works and faith as we read in Hebrews 6:1 as we are prepped for the second half of the book of Hebrews it reads "Therefore leaving the principles of the doctrine of Christ, let us go on unto perfection; not laying again the foundation of repentance from dead works, and of faith toward God....". So at least Hebrews 6 and on is speaking about much more than just faith vs works but this relationship of the old covenant/priesthood etc etc and the new covenant/priesthood etc etc which compares nicely with Galatians 4 and other places in the scriptures like 2 Corinthians 3.

I am now going to head over to another key scripture in this context of the old vs the new in Romans 4:14 "For if they which are of the law be heirs, faith is made void, and the promise made of none effect..." Wow!!! This is strong language. Paul is saying that faith is made void and the promise of none effect if "they which are of the law be heirs". Now is Paul only speaking of people who are trying to get to heaven via good works which Paul would agree would be the case but is he also speaking of those who the law had been given to. Let us review the context in Romans 4 to find out who "they which are of the law" really are.

1) First let us consider the very question that Paul is attempting to answer from vs 9: "Cometh this blessedness then upon the circumcision only, or upon the uncircumcision also? for we say that faith was reckoned to Abraham for righteousness." So here is the question Paul is answering that vs 14 is in the context of.

2) Paul argues in vs 10-13 that this blessedness comes on both as Abraham was accounted righteous by faith before circumcision.

3) Paul further argues in the verse after our verse in discussion that the law worketh wrath not righteousness and then in vs 16 Paul says "Therefore it is of faith, that it might be by grace; to the end the promise might be sure to all the seed; not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham; who is the father of us all...". So those of the law are included as "the seed" but not "only" them but "also which is of the faith of Abraham" before he was cicumcised. So it comes to both they who are of the law those who are circumcised and to those who are not of the law. This is about works and grace but also about Jews and Gentiles/Circumcised and uncircumcised and that we are both together "the seed" of Abraham via faith. This flows well with Paul's argument in chapter 3:9 that both Jews and Gentiles are "under sin" and in vs 29,30 which ends chapter 3 taking us into chapter 4 and says "Is he the God of the Jews only? is he not also of the Gentiles? Yes, of the Gentiles also: Seeing it is one God, which shall justify the circumcision by faith, and uncircumcision through faith...".

So "they which are of the law" are those of the circumcision or Jews as compared to Gentiles. So the promise is not just to Jews but also to Gentiles. So "all the seed" includes both Jews and Gentiles who are of the faith. Or who believe are trusting in the blood of the new covenant not the old covenant of death and condemnation. So if they which are of the old covenant be heirs than faith is made void and the promise of none effect for the old covenant is the ministration of death and condemnation and wrath. In yet another very similar context and discussion concerning Abraham and circumcision we can head back over to Galations 3:8 where we read: "And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the gospel unto Abraham, saying, In thee shall all nations be blessed."

Again notice the context. There is a discussion about works and faith and the law with Abraham and circumcision etc etc. But notice it is also a discussion about Jew and Gentile and who is the seed of Abraham and then in chapter 4 Paul goes on to a discussion about the two covenants and those of the old covenant persecuting those of the new covenant and then the casting out of those of the old covenant as those in bondage to the law and the earthly Jerusalem vs the heavenly and so on.

So now to The End of the Covenant of Death!!!

Jesus says in Luke 21:20-24 "And when ye shall see Jerusalem compassed with armies, then know that the desolation thereof is nigh. Then let them which are in Judaea flee to the mountains; and let them which are in the midst of it depart out; and let not them that are in the countries enter thereinto. For these be the days of vengeance, that all things which are written may be fulfilled. But woe unto them that are with child, and to them that give suck, in those days! for there shall be great distress in the land, and wrath upon this people. And they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations: and Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled."

Concerning the same subject Jesus says in Matthew 24:14-16 "And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nations; and then shall the end come. When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand:) Then let them which be in Judaea flee into the mountains..."

The gospel of the kingdom is none other than the gospel of the new covenant or at least includes it to some degree. So this is a parallel passage and this gospel of the kingdom was being preached to the nations via Paul as he was the minister of the gospel to the nations. Paul himself said that "For the hope which is laid up for you in heaven, whereof ye heard before in the word of the truth of the gospel; Which is come unto you, as it is in all the world; and bringeth forth fruit, as it doth also in you, since the day ye heard of it, and knew the grace of God in truth..."-Colosians 1:5,6 and then says in a couple of verses down in vs 13,14 "Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom of his dear Son: In whom we have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins...". So there you have the gospel bearing fruit in all the world and His kingdom as many amongst the nations are being translated into. And that "through his blood" which Christ referred to his blood being the blood of the new covenant. So Jesus says after this Gospel of the kingdom is preached as a withness to all nations then the end would come and the end is in connection to people fleeing from Judea and the abomination of desolation.

Let us go to Daniel to get some context of this as Jesus himself directs us. Below is Daniel 9:27 concerning the abomination of desolation which Luke describes as being in the context of Jerusalem being compassed with armies.

Daniel 9:27

"And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate."

Now to get some further understanding of the context of this ending of the sacrifices and desolation let us back up to Jesus words in Matthew 23:37,38 where Jesus says "O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings, and ye would not! Behold, your house is left unto you desolate." and then in Matthew 24:1,2 "And Jesus went out, and departed from the temple: and his disciples came to him for to shew him the buildings of the temple. And Jesus said unto them, See ye not all these things? verily I say unto you, There shall not be left here one stone upon another, that shall not be thrown down." So clearly the "earthly sanctuary" is in discussion here of being desolated. It is where the old covenant of death and condemnation was able to perform its ordinances and services and sacrifices. Now let us get more context from Daniel 9:24 concerning 9:27 and therefore of Matthew and Luke.

Daniel 9:24 starts off with "Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy." Daniel 9:27 talks about a week and in the midst of this this week the sacrifice will cease and the abominations he shall make it desolate. 9:24 talks about 69 other weeks that are determined on Daniel's people and city which is clearly God's old covenant people and city. In Christ via the new covenant sin is dealt with in its entirety. Christ has entered the most Holy place and the way into it was about to be manifested in 70 AD via Hebrews 9:8. In fact most of the fulfillment of Daniel 9:27 is spoken of in Hebrews. But let us look at the sealing up of the vision and prophecy.

Luke 21:22 says "For these be the days of vengeance, that all things which are written may be fulfilled." and this said in context of the holy city and Daniel's people in Luke 21:20,21,23 as quoted above which is in context of the abomination of desolation here in Daniel. Not only that but Jesus said that "the law and the prophets were until John: since that time the kingdom of heaven is preached"-Luke 16:16. And in Hebrews 1:1,2 we read that "God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son..." and here in Matthew and Luke we have Jesus the fulfiller of Daniel 9:24 predicting the desolation of the earthly sanctuary/old covenant of death and condemnation.

Now Daniel 9:26 reads that "And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined."

So we come full circle to The End of the Covenant of Death via the destruction of the earthly Jerusalem and worldy sanctuary therefore the revealing of the new covenant of life and the spirit and of Christ Himself as the eternal High Priest of this heavenly sanctuary as the way into the holiest of all is now made manifest as that first tabernacle is no longer standing. The casting away of the bondwoman and her son those of the old covenant had been cast out as heirs with those of the new covenant and that which remains is the new covenant of life and the children whether Jew or Gentile for it no longer matters but rather faith in Christ are counted as the children of promise and are revealed to be so at the end of the Old Covenant Age of Death via the destruction of the Old Covenant House of Death and its city/people.

"Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus; Who was faithful to him that appointed him, as also Moses was faithful in all his house. For this man was counted worthy of more glory than Moses, inasmuch as he who hath builded the house hath more honour than the house. For every house is builded by some man; but he that built all things is God. And Moses verily was faithful in all his house, as a servant, for a testimony of those things which were to be spoken after; But Christ as a son over his own house; whose house are we, if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end."-Hebrews 3:1-6.

"For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect. For then would they not have ceased to be offered? because that the worshippers once purged should have had no more conscience of sins. But in those sacrifices there is a remembrance again made of sins every year. For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats should take away sins. Wherefore when he cometh into the world, he saith, Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not, but a body hast thou prepared me: In burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin thou hast had no pleasure. Then said I, Lo, I come (in the volume of the book it is written of me,) to do thy will, O God. Above when he said, Sacrifice and offering and burnt offerings and offering for sin thou wouldest not, neither hadst pleasure therein; which are offered by the law; Then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O God. He taketh away the first, that he may establish the second. By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. And every priest standeth daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins: But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God; From henceforth expecting till his enemies be made his footstool. For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified. Whereof the Holy Ghost also is a witness to us: for after that he had said before, This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, saith the Lord, I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them; And their sins and iniquities will I remember no more. Now where remission of these is, there is no more offering for sin. Having therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus, By a new and living way, which he hath consecrated for us: through the veil, that is to say, his flesh; And having an high priest over the house of God; Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water. Let us hold fast the profession of our faith without wavering; (for he is faithful that promised;) And let us consider one another to provoke unto love and to good works..."-Hebrews 10:1-24

"Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to day, and for ever. Be not carried about with divers and strange doctrines. For it is a good thing that the heart be established with grace; not with meats, which have not profited them that have been occupied therein. We have an altar, whereof they have no right to eat which serve the tabernacle. For the bodies of those beasts, whose blood is brought into the sanctuary by the high priest for sin, are burned without the camp. Wherefore Jesus also, that he might sanctify the people with his own blood, suffered without the gate. Let us go forth therefore unto him without the camp, bearing his reproach. For here have we no continuing city, but we seek one to come. By him therefore let us offer the sacrifice of praise to God continually, that is, the fruit of our lips giving thanks to his name. But to do good and to communicate forget not: for with such sacrifices God is well pleased."-Hebrews 13:8-16

"These all died in faith, not having received the promises, but having seen them afar off, and were persuaded of them, and embraced them, and confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth. For they that say such things declare plainly that they seek a country. And truly, if they had been mindful of that country from whence they came out, they might have had opportunity to have returned. But now they desire a better country, that is, an heavenly: wherefore God is not ashamed to be called their God: for he hath prepared for them a city."-Hebrews 11:13-16

"Yet once more I shake not the earth only, but also heaven. And this word, Yet once more, signifieth the removing of those things that are shaken, as of things that are made, that those things which cannot be shaken may remain."-Hebrews 12:26,27

"But if the ministration of death, written and engraven in stones, was glorious, so that the children of Israel could not stedfastly behold the face of Moses for the glory of his countenance; which glory was to be done away.....For if that which is done away was glorious, much more that which remaineth is glorious." 2 Corinthians 3:7,11

The first picture above I found here and the last three I found at wikipedia. The first picture shows a bowl of wrath being poured out on the House of Death which is a cover of a book called Days of Vengeance. The bowl contains the wrath of God poured out on the House of Death over the shedding of the blood of the new covenant of life saints which coincides with Revelation and Jesus predicting that all the righteouse blood shed on earth would be required of the generation in which he lived (see Matthew 23-29-36 as noted above). The second picture shows the armies surrounding Jerusalem just as Jesus prophesied in Matthew 24 and Luke 21 as noted above. The third picture is the picture of some of the stones of the from the western wall of the temple mount of the House of Death that were knocked into the streets by Roman bettering rams in 70 AD according to wikipedia. And the fourth and final picture shows the vessels of Death that were used in the House of Death under the Old Covenant of Death and Condemnation being carried off to Rome once and for all as the High Priest of the New Covenant/House of life and the spirit are manifesting the way into the holiest of all where He reigns as king over all His enemies including Death!!!

"To the intent that now unto the principalities and powers in heavenly places might be known by the church the manifold wisdom of God...Unto him be glory in the church by Christ Jesus throughout all ages, world without end. Amen."-Ephesians 3:10,21 

"And there came unto me one of the seven angels which had the seven vials full of the seven last plagues, and talked with me, saying, Come hither, I will shew thee the bride, the Lamb's wife. And he carried me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain, and shewed me that great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God, Having the glory of God: and her light was like unto a stone most precious, even like a jasper stone, clear as crystal; And had a wall great and high, and had twelve gates, and at the gates twelve angels, and names written thereon, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel: On the east three gates; on the north three gates; on the south three gates; and on the west three gates. And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and in them the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb."-Revelation 20:9-14

"There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus."-Galatians 3:28

"For we are members of his body, of his flesh, and of his bones. For this cause shall a man leave his father and mother, and shall be joined unto his wife, and they two shall be one flesh. This is a great mystery: but I speak concerning Christ and the church."-Ephesians 5:30-32

"And I saw no temple therein: for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are the temple of it. And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof. And the nations of them which are saved shall walk in the light of it: and the kings of the earth do bring their glory and honour into it. And the gates of it shall not be shut at all by day: for there shall be no night there. And they shall bring the glory and honour of the nations into it. And there shall in no wise enter into it any thing that defileth, neither whatsoever worketh abomination, or maketh a lie: but they which are written in the Lamb's book of life. And he shewed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb. In the midst of the street of it, and on either side of the river, was there the tree of life, which bare twelve manner fruits, and yielded her fruit every month: and the leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations. And there shall be no more curse: but the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it; and his servants shall serve him: And they shall see his face; and his name shall be in their foreheads. And there shall be no night there; and they need no candle, neither light of the sun; for the Lord God giveth them light: and they shall reign for ever and ever....And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And let him that heareth say, Come. And let him that is athirst come. And whosoever will, let him take the water of life freely."-Revelation 21:22-22:5,17

If you are ready to leave your pot of water at Jacob's old well and seek the living water from the new well of Christ check out The well of Jacob vs the well of Christ and God bless you and yours.

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