Found this at in post titled The Akedah of Isaac fulfilled part 2

In part 1 we saw that the figure of The Akedah of Isaac prophetically pictured The Akedah of Jesus. We learned what the Akedah meant, what a figure or picture was and we saw how Christ fulfilled much of the Akedah but we did not have a chance to get through it all. For more detail on this first post please do go to The Akedah of Isaac fulfilled part 1 and then read this post but in quick review here is what we saw:

1) We saw Jesus as "the Lamb of God" via John the baptist in John 1:36 as Isaac was "the lamb" in Genesis 22:8.
2) We saw Jesus as the "Son of God" via John the baptist in John 1:34 as Isaac was the "son" of Genesis 22:8.
3) We saw that Jesus and His Father went alone together to the place of the burnt offering via Jesus in John 16:32 just as Isaac and his father went alone together Genesis 22:8.
4) We saw Jesus being offered as a burnt offering via Hebrews 13:10-14 just as Isaac was a burnt offering in Genesis 22:8.
5) We saw Jesus as God's "only...son" whom "the Father loveth" via John the baptist in John 1:18, 3:35 as Isaac was Abraham's "only son" "whom" he "lovest" in Genesis 22:2.
6) We saw that the Hebrew word for "love" is introduced for the first time in Genesis 22:2 and then the very next time in Genesis 24:67. Both times having to do with Isaac, first, in his relationship with his father and then in his relationship with his wife. Interestingly, enough we see Jesus in a "love" relationship with His Father in John 3:35 and His wife in Ephesians 5:29-32 as two major themes in the New Testament.
7) We saw how God for the second time calls Abraham to "get thee" to a place: The first, into the promised land in Genesis 12:1 which pictured a better promise that being the "better country...the heavenly" in Hebrews 11:16 and then the second time, to a place to offer the promised son for a burnt offering in Genesis 22:2 which then pictured the "better sacrifice" in Hebrews 9:23 and "mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises" in Hebrews 8:6.
8) Lastly, we saw how this "land of Moriah" that Abraham was to "get thee" to offer Isaac as a burnt offering connects with the temple that another son of a significant father built. The place this father (King David) chose to have his son (King Solomon) build the temple on was interestingly enough called "Mount Moriah" "at Jerusalem" in 2 Chronicles 3:1. Interestingly enough these are the only two instances of the Hebrew word for "Moriah" in the scriptures. But not only was it built "at Jerusalem in Mount Moriah" but further description and meaning is given in 2 Chronicles 3:1: "...where the LORD appeared unto David his father, in the place that David had prepared in the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite...". We then learn more about this peculiar and monumental event in 1 Chronicles 21 and 22. But for now to only point out what connects here with "Moriah" is that King David himself committed a priestly act of a burnt offering at this "threshingfloor" which then becomes the very reason why David chooses this place to build the temple. It is noted in 1 Chronicles 21:28-22:1: "At that time when David saw that the LORD had answered him in the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite, then he sacrificed there. For the tabernacle of the LORD, which Moses made in the wilderness, and the altar of the burnt offering, were at that season in the high place at Gibeon. But David could not go before it to enquire of God: for he was afraid because of the sword of the angel of the LORD. Then David said, This is the house of the LORD God, and this is the altar of the burnt offering for Israel." And then if we go back and consider point 4 and 7 this gets prophetical picturesque and quite interesting but that will be for another time to discuss yet another prophetic picture.

For now we will stick with our figure of the Akedah of Isaac prophetically picturing for us even more than the above 8 points. Let us continue now with The Akedah of Isaac fulfilled part 2...

"And he said, Take now thy son, thine only son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of."-Genesis 22:2.

Now let us look at "offer him" as we compare this with Isaiah 53. Here we have a human as an offering in Isaiah 53. We already discussed the "burnt offering" but not the offer and a human offering at that. In Isaiah 53 we have yet another human offering but this time at the hand of God himself. The JPS Commentary mentions nothing of Isaiah 53 which is odd. They point out many interesting points that I have commented on in part 1 of this post but nothing of Isaiah 53 which is just as oddly interesting in that as far as I know there are only two times God involves himself with a human offering and both are equated to "a lamb". One here in Abraham and then in Isaiah 53. There may be others but I can not remember them if there are. So it is curiously missing from the JPS Commentary. Even if they do not believe it is Jesus why not make mention of this at least in passing. To me it is a huge omission. I wish I had the JPS Commentary on Isaiah but I do not so I will have to take this on by my lonesome. But let us head over to Isaiah 53:

"...the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all....he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter...he was cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgression of my people was he stricken...Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities...he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors."-Isaiah 53:6-8,10-12

Now we know that from Genesis 22:14 that the Akedah of Isaac pointed to yet a future fulfillment. Isaiah 53 has to much imagery to be missed here. Let us call this The Akedah of the Righteous Servant. We will compare this "righteouse servant" to Isaac.

1) Isaac was to be made an offering in Genesis 22:2 and so was this servant in Isaiah 53:10.
2) Isaac was the lamb that was to be provided for an offering in Genesis 22:8 as this servant was to be brought as a lamb to the slaughter in Isaiah 53:7.
3) Isaac was submissively silent as his father binds him in Genesis 22:9 so is the servant in his affliction here in Isaiah 53:7.
4) Isaac was innocent in his Akedah so this servant "...had done no violence, neither was any deceit in his mouth..." and the very description as a "righteouse servant" and yet experienced the Akedah-Isaiah 53:9.
5) Abraham laid on Isaac the wood of the burnt offering to carry in his Akedah in Genesis 22:6 so is the servant in Isaiah 53:4 laiden with the griefs of others and carries their sorrows on him in his Akedah.
6) Abraham brought a knife to cut Isaac with in Genesis 22:6,10 as this servant was to be "cut off" and face "shearers" both from the same Hebrew word for cut in Isaiah 53:7,8.
7) As the Akedah of Isaac pictures the resurrection (Hebrews 11:19) so does the Servant here in that Isaiah 53:8 says "For he was cut off from the land of the living" and just to be sure we understand that this servant was going to die the very next verse says this "..his grave was set among the wicked, -And with the rich, in his death-.." but yet in Isaiah 53:10 we read "..the Lord chose to crush him by disease, That, if he made himself an offering for guilt, He might see offspring and have long life" (JPS version). So how will he have long life after and see offspring after he was cut off out of the land of the living being made an offering unless he were to rise from the dead. Now more will be said on this in a part 3 of the Akedah of Isaac fulfilled.

And maybe more could be said but enough to rest in for now and to make the point with. One major difference is that here we have an Akedah that is carried to its bitter end. Isaac was never sacrifice while this "righteous servant" actually is. Now for a Christian Jew or Gentile Isaiah 53 is a clear prophetic picture of what Jesus the Messiah himself would do. The heart of the gospel of Jesus Christ is but a fulfillment of Isaiah 53. Jesus experienced The Akedah to its bitter end. Jesus is this righteous servant!!! The New Testament connects Isaiah 53 to Genesis 22 via the pictures. First, check out Acts 8:30-35 for a direct quote connecting Jesus to Isaiah 53. But let us connect this sacrifice to Genesis 22 via the pictures of The Father, The Son and The Lamb.

Let us take one of the most famous verses in the Bible in John 3:16 and see how this connects Isaiah 53 with Genesis 22. John 3:16 reads:

"For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life."

You have "The Father" giving his "only...Son" which connects to The Akedah of Isaac that "whosoever believeth in him should not perish" which connects to The Akedah of the Righteous Servant in that Isaiah 53:1 opens up with "Who hath believed our report?" and then as Isaiah 53 is coming to close with "by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many".

But John 3:16 comes in context of John 3:14,15 which read:

"And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up: That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life."

Here you have Christ using a picture from an event in Israel's history to point to his Akedah. Again, notice the theme of "believe" and the "righteous servant" who will "justify many" by "his knowledge" which is being said here in John 3:14-16. Notice it is in good context with Isaiah 53:11: "He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities." The travail of his soul is the cross where God made "his soul an offering for sin" and via this knowledge which was his he would justify many for he shall bear their sins. This is the "report" that is asked "who will believe..." and "his knowledge" that the "righteous servant" will "justify many" as he "bear their iniquities".

Now all the children of Israel had to do was look at the serpent on the stake and they were healed from the deathly bites of the serpents that were sent as a consequence of their sins. This pictures Christ bearing our iniquities and becoming our consequences being nailed to the cross and all we have to do is "believe the report" and trust in this servants "knowledge" which he has revealed in the New Testament as he comes to bear our iniquities. And if we truely believe we will then naturally follow Him.

Now we see The Father and The Son but we need The Lamb in context of sin. Well let us head over to John 1:29:

"The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world."

John the baptist who claims to be the very figure of Isaiah 40:3 just some chapters before Isaiah 53 claims Christ to be "the Lamb of God" which is pictured in Genesis 22 and here in Isaiah 53. Not only is this a Lamb but a Lamb that "taketh away the sin of the world". Which fits nicely in with Isaiah 53 as "the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all" and "he shall bear their iniquities" and "he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.". Is this not the central theme and message of The Akedah of Jesus??!!

Now some have concluded that the servant of Isaiah 53 is Israel and not the Messiah. They will point to Isaiah 49:3 that reads:

"And He said to me, "You are my servant, Israel in whom I glory."-JPS

I quote this from the JPS translation of Isaiah just for fairness sake and to show that even in their translation what I am pointing out is out of their translation. Now the very answer to this is just some verses down which makes it impossible for this servant to be Israel as:

"He who formed me in the womb to be his servant - to bring back Jacob to himself, that Israel may be restored unto Him."-Isaiah 49:5 JPS.

So this servant who is called Israel in vs 3 is to restore Israel. But just for double emphasis let us head to vs 6:

"For He said: "It is too little that you should be My servant in that I raise up the tribes of Jacob and restore the survivors of Israel: I will also make you a light of nations, that my salvation may reach the ends of the earth."-JPS.

So there are two Israel's spoken of here not just one. Isaiah 53 is speaking of Israel that is described as "my righteous servant" who is to "bear the sins of many" and whose involvement results in God's "salvation" reaching "the ends of the earth". Which fits well with the description of the Israel in Isaiah 49. Notice in Isaiah 53 this righteous servant is being "cut off" "Through the sin of my people, who deserve the punishment" (JPS Isaiah 53:8). So the Righteous Servant called Israel is contrasted with another Israel in Isaiah that needs to be brought "back" and "restored" but the Righteous Servant called Israel also is the one "to bring back Jacob...that Israel may be restored" by bearing their sins but not only theirs but as we will see many of the nations also.

Now Christ (the Righteous Servant called Israel of Isaiah 53) has so inspired and enabled those who bring "the report" to "believe" to the utter ends of the earth like no other. Because of Christ and His followers called His Bride in the New Testament more people know about the Creation, the flood, Abraham and Isaac, King David, Jonah and Moses, the law and the prophets than maybe any other message on earth. More people know about the Tanakh via Christ and His Bride than via any other means. Who but knows that if it weren't for Christ and His Bride that the message would have dissappeared into oblivion millenia ago? But instead it spreads and continues to do so ever since Christ came into the world and fulfilled The Akedah of Isaac via His Akedah fulfilling the Akedah of this Righteous Servant bearing the sins of others. Christ has indeed spread the knowledge of God as revealed in the Tanakh like no other and continues to do so via the same vehicle he has been doing it for the last 2000 years.

And is it not most interesting when we read Isaiah 49:1 concerning this "Righteous Servant" that this "Righteous Servant" says this "Listen, O coastlands, to me, And give heed, O nations afar: The LORD appointed me....And He said to me, "You are My servant, Israel in whom I glory."...and restore the survivors of Israel, I will also make you a light of nations, That My salvation may reach the ends of the earth." (JPS Isaiah 49:1,3,6,7) And look at the gospel of Jesus Christ since it was birthed on the earth some 2000 years ago!!!

Let us head over to Isaiah 42 quoting once again from the JPS version we read God himself talking about this "Servant": "This is My servant, whom I uphold, My chosen one, in whom I delight. I have put My Spirit upon him, He shall teach the true way to the nations....He shall bring forth the true way. He shall not grow dim or be bruised Till he has established the true way on earth; And the coastlands shall await his teaching...And I have grasped you by the hand. I created you and appointed you a -covenant people,- a light of nations." (Isaiah 42:1,3,4,6). Now JPS makes a note about the translation of "covenant people" in their translation and says that if it were translated more literally it would read "covenants of a people". KJV translates it that the Servant God would "give thee for a covenant of the people".

Now as a Christian Jew or Gentile this speaks volumes of the New Testament/Covenant and is quite consistent with Isaiah 53. So in conclusion in this post we have dealt with the offering of Isaac in connecting it to the offering of the Righteous Servant which both connect with Christ as the fulfiller of both. So Christ fulfills both the Servant and the Son of both Akedahs. Which goes well with Galatians 3:16, 4:1 and Phillipians 2:7-9.

Let us conclude by quoting Phillipians 2:7-9 to note the similarity of Christ the Servant to the Servant here in Isaiah 53:

"But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men: And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross. Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him...."

Sound familiar!!! This will lead us well into the resurrection of the Righteous Servant here in the Akedah of the Righteous Servant and the resurrection in the Akedah of Isaac which of course the resurrection of the Akedah of Jesus fulfills. But that will be for part 3 and to be continued....

Again found pictures at wikipedia...The second picture is of all of Isaiah 53 from the Dead Sea Scrolls dated about two centuries before Christ.

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